Melissa’s Sources

Apple (2013). Ipod Shuffle. Apple Inc. Retrieved from            shuffle/specs.html

CD Recycling Center of America. (2011). Retrieved from   

COA, Commonwealth Of Australia (2012). Music Industry Overview. Creative             Commons Attribution. Retrieved from               _sections/sources/sources_pop6.htm#d29e627

  • The current business model no longer favors recording companies. The Commonwealth of Australia believes that companies who distribute music the traditional way, like record companies, now have to rethink their role and how they will make a profit with new forms of digital distribution

IFPI. (2013, April, 8th). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry.             Retrieved from

  • Brazil, India and Mexico have seen market growth respectively of 24%, 42% and 17% since 2008. In 2012 revenues in India reached an all-time high while Latin America was the fastest growing region of the year

Kreps, Daniel. (2011, January 6). 2010 Album sales: way worse than 2009 album             sales. Retrieved from

  • CD sales have declined ever since digital music was created. For the fourth straight year in 2010, CD sales in the U.S. dropped by 20 percent, and music sales in general fell 12.8 percent

Neal, Dave. (2013, April 9)  Global music sales have risen but ‘piracy’ is still evil. The             Inquirer. Retrieved from have-risen-but-piracy-is-still-evil

  • Streaming is the process of accessing music online and allows consumers to listen to songs right from the provider but does not supply ownership. Digital downloads for ownership are purchased mainly from the top sales leader iTunes followed by Amazon, Google, and Microsoft

Next Generation Record Label (2011, April 27). Rethink music panels look at the future             of record labels, monetization. Billboard. Retrieved from

  • The only thing companies can do is scare the public with lawsuits against those who illegally download music and by making it difficult to illegally download music. Several panelists at the Rethink Music conference called for a new-model registry of rights ownership

Pfanner, Eric. (2013, February, 2013). Music industry sales rise, digital revenue gets             the credit. The New York Times. Retrieved from               revenue-increase-since-1999.html?_r=2&

  • Last year digital sales and other new sources of revenue grew significantly enough to offset the continuing decline in CD sales.

RIAA. (2013). Who music theft hurts. Recording Industry Association of America.             Retrieved from

  • The “sharing” of music consists mostly of piracy and poses a threat to recording companies as well as artists themselves. Since peer-to-peer (p2p) file-sharing site Napster emerged in 1999, music sales in the U.S. have dropped 53 percent, from $14.6 billion to $7.0 billion in 2011 (RIAA, 2013). Also, “from 2004 through 2009 alone, approximately 30 billion songs were illegally downloaded on file-sharing networks”
  • According to the RIAA, there are over 400 digital music services worldwide and over 13 million songs available.

Siwek, S. (2007, August 21). The true cost of sound recording piracy to the U.S.             economy. The Institute for Policy Innovation. Retrieved from   

  • As a result of music piracy, the U.S. economy loses 71,060 jobs and $12.5 billion in total output annually






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